Scientific Name: Erithacus Rubecula
Colour: Brown, White, Orange
Life Span: 1 - 3 years
Predator: Cats, Dogs, Raccoon, Foxes
Prey: Worms, Insects, Fruit, Berries
Size (L): 12.5cm - 14cm (5in - 5.5in)
Weight: 16g - 22g (0.5oz - 0.7oz)
Top Speed: 29km/h (18mph)
Habitat: Woodland, farmland and hedgerows
The robin is a small bird, originally found in only Europe and Asia. The robin today can be found across the world in parts of Africa, North America and New Zealand but all of these robin species are believed to be subspecies of the European robin.
The European robin has a bright orange/red chest and is the most distinctive bird of the robin family. Despite the bright chest of the European robin, other species of female robin are fairly plain and brown in colour. The female robin is very similar in both size and appearance to the nightingale and the two are commonly confused.
The New Zealand robin and the North American robin look fairly similar to the female European robin, and all these robins are brown in colour. The North American robin is not to be confused with the American robin which is actually a member of the thrush family rather than being a species of robin. The American robin is named after the European robin due to it's brightly coloured orange chest.
There are thought to be more than 45 different species of robin found on the Australian continent including Australia, Papua New Guinea and numerous other islands in the South Pacific. These birds are known as Australasian robins and are all small sized, with a stocky build and rounded head.