Scientific Name: Luscinia Magarhynchos
Colour: Brown, Tan
Life Span: 1 - 3 years
Predator: Rats, Cats, Lizards
Prey: Fruit, Nuts, Seeds, Insects
Size (L): 14cm - 16.5cm (5.5in - 6.5in)
Weight: 15g - 22g (0.5oz - 0.7oz)
Top Speed: 29km/h (18mph)
Habitat: Open forests and thickets
The nightingale is a small species of bird thought to be formally members of the thrush family. The nightingale is often mistaken for the robin, as the nightingale is about the same size and the female robin is very similar in appearance to the nightingale.
The nightingale is a morning bird and the nightingale can often be heard singing it's loud song at dawn. In urban areas, the nightingale will sing even louder at dawn to make up for the extra background noise.
The nightingale breeds naturally in the European and Asian forests during the summer months and the nightingale then migrates to Africa for the winter, to it's warmer climates. The nightingale returns north in the spring again to nest.
The nightingale is believed to have been named more than 1,000 years ago, with the term nightingale meaning night songstress in Anglo-Saxon. The nightingale was named due to the fact that the nightingale is often heard singing during the night as well as during the day. It is thought that it is the single (unpaired) male nightingales that sing during the night which they do to try and attract a mate.
Nightingales are small birds with the average adult nightingale being around 15cm in height. The nightingale has plain brown feathers covering it's body and is known to have a red-sided tail.