Scientific Name: Trochilidae
Colour: Green, Brown, Tan, Red, White, Grey
Life Span: 3 - 5 years
Predator: Hawks, Snakes, Lizards
Prey: Nectar, Tree sap, Insects, Spiders
Size (H): 5cm - 20cm (2in - 8in)
Weight: 2.2g - 20g (0.07oz - 0.7oz)
Top Speed: 48km/h (30mph)
Habitat: Rainforest and tropical jungles
There are nearly 350 known species of hummingbird, found throughout the Southern Hemisphere. Although some species of hummingbird are occasionally found further north, these small birds tend to prefer the more tropical climates.
Hummingbirds beat their wings 15-80 times every second (depending on the species) meaning that the hummingbird has the incredible ability to hover in the air. The hummingbird is also the only species of bird that is able to fly backwards.
The bee hummingbird is native to Cuba and is the smallest bird in the world, measuring around less than 5cm tall and the bee hummingbird is around the same weight as a penny. The giant hummingbird found in the Andes is the world's largest hummingbird measuring more than 20cm in height.
Hummingbirds have a long, pointed beak which when combined with the hummingbird's extendible tongue allows the hummingbird to gather nectar from deep inside flowers. As nectar is not an adequate source of protein, hummingbirds also prey upon insects and spiders in order to get all of their nutrients, especially when the hummingbirds are feeding their young.